Abstract of a paper titled: "Replication of the Superstition and Performance Study by Damisch, Stoberock, and Mussweiler (2010)":
"A recent series of experiments suggests that fostering superstitions can substantially improve performance on a variety of motor and cognitive tasks (Damisch, Stoberock, & Mussweiler, 2010). We conducted two high-powered and precise replications of one of these experiments, examining if telling participants they had a lucky golf ball could improve their performance on a 10-shot golf task relative to controls. We found that the effect of superstition on performance is elusive: Participants told they had a lucky ball performed almost identically to controls. Our failure to replicate the target study was not due to lack of impact, lack of statistical power, differences in task difficulty, nor differences in participant belief in luck. A meta-analysis indicates significant heterogeneity in the effect of superstition on performance. This could be due to an unknown moderator, but no effect was observed among the studies with the strongest research designs (e.g., high power, a priori sampling plan)."